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XML读取/插入/修改/删除的通用类

已有 1626 次阅读2010-7-5 15:51 |个人分类:技术交流|

写的一个XML操作类,包括读取/插入/修改/删除。

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
using System.Xml;

namespace PuTianCheng
{
    /// <summary>
    /// XmlHelper 的摘要说明
    /// </summary>
    public class XmlHelper
    {
        public XmlHelper()
        {
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 读取数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">路径</param>
        /// <param name="node">节点</param>
        /// <param name="attribute">属性名,非空时返回该属性值,否则返回串联值</param>
        /// <returns>string</returns>
        /**************************************************
         * 使用示列:
         * XmlHelper.Read(path, "/Node", "")
         * XmlHelper.Read(path, "/Node/Element[@Attribute='Name']", "Attribute")
         ************************************************/
        public static string Read(string path, string node, string attribute)
        {
            string value = "";
            try
            {
                XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
                doc.Load(path);
                XmlNode xn = doc.SelectSingleNode(node);
                value = (attribute.Equals("") ? xn.InnerText : xn.Attributes[attribute].Value);
            }
            catch { }
            return value;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 插入数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">路径</param>
        /// <param name="node">节点</param>
        /// <param name="element">元素名,非空时插入新元素,否则在该元素中插入属性</param>
        /// <param name="attribute">属性名,非空时插入该元素属性值,否则插入元素值</param>
        /// <param name="value">值</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        /**************************************************
         * 使用示列:
         * XmlHelper.Insert(path, "/Node", "Element", "", "Value")
         * XmlHelper.Insert(path, "/Node", "Element", "Attribute", "Value")
         * XmlHelper.Insert(path, "/Node", "", "Attribute", "Value")
         ************************************************/
        public static void Insert(string path, string node, string element, string attribute, string value)
        {
            try
            {
                XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
                doc.Load(path);
                XmlNode xn = doc.SelectSingleNode(node);
                if (element.Equals(""))
                {
                    if (!attribute.Equals(""))
                    {
                        XmlElement xe = (XmlElement)xn;
                        xe.SetAttribute(attribute, value);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    XmlElement xe = doc.CreateElement(element);
                    if (attribute.Equals(""))
                        xe.InnerText = value;
                    else
                        xe.SetAttribute(attribute, value);
                    xn.AppendChild(xe);
                }
                doc.Save(path);
            }
            catch { }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 修改数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">路径</param>
        /// <param name="node">节点</param>
        /// <param name="attribute">属性名,非空时修改该节点属性值,否则修改节点值</param>
        /// <param name="value">值</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        /**************************************************
         * 使用示列:
         * XmlHelper.Insert(path, "/Node", "", "Value")
         * XmlHelper.Insert(path, "/Node", "Attribute", "Value")
         ************************************************/
        public static void Update(string path, string node, string attribute, string value)
        {
            try
            {
                XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
                doc.Load(path);
                XmlNode xn = doc.SelectSingleNode(node);
                XmlElement xe = (XmlElement)xn;
                if (attribute.Equals(""))
                    xe.InnerText = value;
                else
                    xe.SetAttribute(attribute, value);
                doc.Save(path);
            }
            catch { }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 删除数据
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="path">路径</param>
        /// <param name="node">节点</param>
        /// <param name="attribute">属性名,非空时删除该节点属性值,否则删除节点值</param>
        /// <param name="value">值</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        /**************************************************
         * 使用示列:
         * XmlHelper.Delete(path, "/Node", "")
         * XmlHelper.Delete(path, "/Node", "Attribute")
         ************************************************/
        public static void Delete(string path, string node, string attribute)
        {
            try
            {
                XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
                doc.Load(path);
                XmlNode xn = doc.SelectSingleNode(node);
                XmlElement xe = (XmlElement)xn;
                if (attribute.Equals(""))
                    xn.ParentNode.RemoveChild(xn);
                else
                    xe.RemoveAttribute(attribute);
                doc.Save(path);
            }
            catch { }
        }
    }
}

==================================================

XmlFile.xml:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Root />

==================================================

使用方法:

string xml = Server.MapPath("XmlFile.xml");
//插入元素
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root", "Studio", "", "");
//插入元素/属性
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio", "Site", "Name", "小路工作室");
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio", "Site", "Name", "丁香鱼工作室");
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio", "Site", "Name", "谱天城工作室");
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='谱天城工作室']", "Master", "", "红尘静思");
//插入属性
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='乐博网]", "", "Url", "http://www.lob.cn/");
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='快乐编程]", "", "Url", "http://www.smallbasic.cn/");
//XmlHelper.Insert(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='谱天城工作室']", "", "Url", "http://www.putiancheng.com/");
//修改元素值
//XmlHelper.Update(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='谱天城工作室']/Master", "", "RedDust");
//修改属性值
//XmlHelper.Update(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='乐博网]", "Url", "http://www.lob.cn/");
//XmlHelper.Update(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='[快乐编程]", "Name", "PuTianCheng Studio");
//读取元素值
//Response.Write("<div>" + XmlHelper.Read(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site/Master", "") + "</div>");
//读取属性值
//Response.Write("<div>" + XmlHelper.Read(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site", "Url") + "</div>");
//读取特定属性值
//Response.Write("<div>" + XmlHelper.Read(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='丁香鱼工作室']", "Url") + "</div>");
//删除属性
//XmlHelper.Delete(xml, "/Root/Studio/Site[@Name='小路工作室']", "Url");
//删除元素
//XmlHelper.Delete(xml, "/Root/Studio", "");


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